De Remediis Utriusque Fortunae (“Remedies for Fortune Fair and Foul“), by Francesco Petrarca (1304-1374), is one of the great books of the middle ages, with its messages and philosophy remaining relevant today. Translated and published in English in 1579 by Thomas Twyn as Phisicke Against Fortune, the collection of 253 Latin dialogues are basically tidbits of wisdom, self-help and humor focused on fine tuning one’s intellect to understand that thought and deed is the engine for attaining happiness and moral living, as well as that which results in sadness, pain and immoral behavior.
The book and it’s philosophy remain extremely relevant today though, like much of the Western Canon, it is slipping into a realm where only a small number of scholars remain familiar with its contents. Thus, huge plaudits are due to Foolscap Press, for publishing a fantastic, beautiful and important edition of Phisicke Against Fortune, reminding us all of Petrarch’s genius.
Francesco Petrarca, called by English speakers Petrarch, is one of the great poets of the Western Canon. The modern Italian language is based on Petrarch’s works. His sonnets became a model for lyrical poetry during the Renaissance and remain influential today.
Petrarch is often considered the”father of humanism”, a belief that a knowledge of history, grammar, rhetoric, philosophy and poetry would lead people to a more virtuous life. This humanist philosophy, which helped bring about the Renaissance, essentially emphasized the importance of free-thinking. This was a major break from the medieval practice of pre-professional ‘trade’-like training focused on producing clergy, lawyers and doctors (one could argue modern education has unfortunately gone back to reflect medieval times).
Petrarch collected old Latin manuscripts in his many travels, and we can thank him for being one of the first to begin recovering knowledge from ancient Greece and Rome. He is often considered the ‘first tourist’ since he traveled so much for pleasure. It is Petrarch that deemed the previous centuries to his own as the “Dark Ages”, due to what he saw as ignorance holding sway.
Petrarch died in his house, nearly seventy years of age, of the plague. In today’s world, we should all keep in mind one of Petrach’s main messages that one should show humility in prosperity and fortitude in adversity. I am humbled by the quality of this work by Foolscap. It is truly a remarkable production that should be admired by many.
About the Edition
Foolscap’s edition brings us 46 of the most important dialogues, together with the woodcut illustrations by Hans Weiditz, originally made for the 1532 German edition. Weiditz (1495-1537) was a German artist who is known as the “Petrarch Master”, due to his work for Remedies for Fortune Fair and Foul. From Foolscap Press: “Weiditz is best known for his illustrations for “Brunfels’ Herbal,” which is recognized as the most important herbal of the period and the first botanical book to contain realistic and accurate illustrations… As an appendix to the text we have included notes on the Weiditz illustrations based on information from Walther Scheidig and translated especially for this edition from the German by Beate Reid…”
The edition includes an essay by William M. Ivins, Jr. (1881-1961), former Curator of Prints at the Museum of Modern Art, who “shares his infectious enthusiasm for the artist whose life had remained largely unappreciated until modern scholarship brought to light his great contribution to German Renaissance art.”
The introduction to this edition is by Lewis W. Spitz, Professor of history at Stanford University. As stated by Foolscap, Spitz discusses the question of Petrarch’s influence on the northern Renaissance, as well as providing an overview of Petrarch’s written works. Through background and example he shows why Phisicke Against Fortune is, as he says, “a mirror for mankind.”
The 1579 translation by Thomas Twyn is used, “newly transcribed from the Elizabethan blackletter, with the spelling and punctuation standardized.”
- Limited to 175 copies, 135 copies of which are hand-sewn and the rounded spine is covered in red Japanese cloth and is stamped in gold; 40 copies are specially bound in quarter goatskin and red Japanese cloth and come in a slipcase covered in cloth and printed paper sides. Mine is the specially bound edition and is number 36.
- Printed letterpress on Lana Royal, a mould-made paper from France
- The text is set in Monotype as well as handset type using Poliphilus, Bembo Italic and Forum, with Calligraph Initials printed in red
- Designed, printed and bound at Foolscap Press by Peggy Gotthold & Lawrence G. Van Velzer
- 12 x 9 inches, 160 pages
Foolscap Press was started in 1990 by Lawrence G. Van Velzer & Peggy Gotthold. From their website: Peggy Gotthold worked as a bookbinder at Schuberth Bookbindery in San Francisco and Arion Press. She trained in letterpress printing and typesetting at Cowell Press (UCSC), Yolla Bolly Press and Artichoke Press. Lawrence G. Van Velzer operated his own press and worked as a printer and typesetter at Arion Press. His father taught printing in technical high schools and was a letterpress printer who learned printing from his father, who published a newspaper printed on a handpress in the 1870’s.
This book really is stunning, as you can see in the pictures below. No short cuts were taken anywhere. The paper has a great texture and feel. The type literally jumps from the page. I am not sure I have seen many examples of illustrations showing in such a sharp and clear manner. The binding is quite handsome, and the slipcase is probably the best single slipcase I own, as I love the design on it. This is the type of edition that makes one glad to collect books.
I have had a handful of interactions with Mr. Van Velzer, who is extremely pleasant to communicate with. I am more than impressed with this edition, gladly subscribe to their press and am looking forward to what comes next.
(All pictures on Books and Vines are exclusively provided to highlight and visualize the work being reviewed. A side benefit, hopefully, is encouraging healthy sales of fine press books for the publishers and fine retailers that specialize in these types of books (of which Books and Vines has no stake or financial interest). Please note that works photographed are copyrighted by the publisher, author and/or illustrator as indicated in the articles. Permission to use contents from these works for anything outside of fair use purposes must come directly from the copyright owner and no permission is granted or implied to use photo’s found on Books and Vines for any purpose that would infringe on the rights of the copyright owner.)
Phisicke Against Fortune, Foolscap Press, Sixth Sample Page with Text and Illustrations